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Acetaminophen and children: Why dose matters

Acetaminophen is an effective pain reliever, but an overdose can occur all too easily. Follow these tips to keep your child safe.

Acidophilus

Explore how using this popular probiotic might benefit your digestive system.

Acne treatments: Medical procedures may help clear skin

Learn more about medical procedures, such as light therapy, chemical peels or steroid injections, that might help clear stubborn acne.

Added sugars: Don't get sabotaged by sweeteners

Dietary guidelines call for limiting added sugars to 10% of daily calories. See where added sugars are hiding and how to cut back.

Adjuvant therapy: Treatment to keep cancer from returning

Treatments given in addition to your primary cancer therapy can help reduce the risk of cancer recurrence.

Aerobic exercise: How to warm up and cool down

Learn how to warm up and cool down the safe way.

Aerobic exercise: Top 10 reasons to get physical

Need inspiration to work out? Consider the top 10 benefits of aerobic exercise.

Aging: What to expect

Understand the natural changes that come with aging.

Alcohol use: Weighing risks and benefits

Light to moderate alcohol use may have some potential health benefits. But heavy drinking, including binge drinking, carries serious health risks.

Allergies and asthma: They often occur together

Allergies and asthma? Find out how to control both conditions.

Allergy medications: Know your options

Learn more about allergy medications. Find out what they do and how they can help your symptoms.

Allergy-proof your home

Here's a room-by-room guide to reducing allergy-triggering dust, mold, pollen and pet dander in your home.

Alli weight-loss pill: Does it work?

Alli is an over-the-counter weight-loss pill that keeps your body from absorbing all of the fat in food. Learn about the drug's benefits and side effects.

Aloe

Understand how topical aloe gel might be helpful and the possible dangers of oral use of aloe latex.

Alpha blockers

Learn how this type of blood pressure medication works and how it also can ease symptoms of an enlarged prostate.

Alternative cancer treatments: 11 options to consider

Alternative cancer treatments may help you cope with cancer treatment side effects such as fatigue, pain, sleep problems, and nausea and vomiting.

Alzheimer's and dementia care: Tips for daily tasks

Alzheimer's and dementia caregiving is a tough job. These tips for dealing with daily tasks may help.

Alzheimer's and dementia: Tips for better communication

Dementia affects a person's ability to understand and be understood. Know what you can do to improve communication and lessen frustrations.

Alzheimer's and memories: Use mementos as cues

A memory box filled with photos, letters and other mementos might help a loved one with Alzheimer's remember the past.

Alzheimer's and other dementias: Long-term care options

Evaluate the need for long-term dementia care and your options before a crisis happens.

Alzheimer's genes: Are you at risk?

What role does genetics play in developing Alzheimer's? Are you at risk?

Alzheimer's stages: How the disease progresses

Alzheimer's stages — common behaviors as the disease progresses.

Alzheimer's treatments: What's on the horizon?

Alzheimer's treatments now being studied include an Alzheimer's vaccine and several new drugs.

Alzheimer's: Dealing with family conflict

A diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease can cause family conflict. Here's help working together to address the challenges.

Alzheimer's: Drugs help manage symptoms

Although there's no cure for Alzheimer's disease, certain drugs might help you manage your symptoms and improve your life for a time.

Alzheimer's: Managing sleep problems

Alzheimer's sleep problems affect both you and your loved one. Consider tips for coping.

Alzheimer's: Smoothing the transition on moving day

Know how to help a person with dementia make the transition into a new home or a care facility.

Alzheimer's: Tips to make holidays more enjoyable

Consider these tips to make holidays more pleasant and less stressful.

Alzheimer's: Understand wandering and how to address it

Wandering is a common problem with dementia. Understand the causes and how to keep a person with dementia safe.

Amputation and diabetes: How to protect your feet

Find out who's at risk and what you can do to protect your feet from diabetes complications.

Anger management: 10 tips to tame your temper

Want to get your anger under control? Start by considering these 10 anger management tips.

Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?

Confused about which angina treatment — stents, medication or lifestyle changes — to choose? Find out more.

Angiotensin II receptor blockers

Learn how these drugs help lower your blood pressure and what other health conditions they can treat.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

Learn how these drugs help you manage high blood pressure and improve your heart health.

Anti-seizure medications: Relief from nerve pain

Anti-seizure drugs designed to treat epilepsy often are used to control nerve pain associated with diabetes, shingles, and other types of nerve damage.

Antibiotics: Are you misusing them?

The overuse of antibiotics creates antibiotic-resistant germs. Protect yourself and others by using antibiotics wisely.

Antidepressants for children and teens

Antidepressants are often effective in treating depression and anxiety in children and teenagers, but there are some risks. Learn more.

Antidepressants: Another weapon against chronic pain

Antidepressants are a staple in the treatment of many chronic pain conditions, including arthritis, nerve damage, headache and low back pain.

Antidepressants: Get tips to cope with side effects

Side effects may include nausea, weight gain, drowsiness, insomnia, dry mouth, constipation, dizziness, anxiety or sexual side effects. Learn how to cope.

Antidepressants: Safe during pregnancy?

Antidepressants are central to treating depression during pregnancy. Weigh the risks and benefits with your health care provider.

Antidepressants: Selecting one that's right for you

Medicine options to treat depression include SSRIs, SNRIs, atypical antidepressants, tricyclic antidepressants, MAOIs and other drugs.

Are you thinking about suicide? How to stay safe and find treatment

Suicide isn't a solution. Create a plan to keep yourself safe.

Arthritis pain: Do's and don'ts

Arthritis pain — To cope, strike a balance between activity and rest.

Arthritis pain: Treatments absorbed through your skin

Arthritis pain relief options include creams and gels to rub on painful joints.

Artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes

Get the skinny on artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes.

Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?

With so many options, choosing an asthma inhaler can be confusing. Use this helpful guide to find the one that works best for you.

Asthma medications: Know your options

Learn more about the different categories of medications to help you control asthma symptoms.

Asthma treatment: 3 steps to better asthma control

Follow this three-step approach to keep symptoms under control and prevent attacks.

Asthma treatment: Do complementary and alternative approaches work?

Many people with asthma try complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments, ranging from herbs to yoga. Discover which asthma CAM treatments are most likely to work.

Asthma: Limit asthma attacks caused by colds or flu

If you have asthma, find out how to keep your sneeze from turning into a wheeze due to colds or flu.

Asthma: Steps in testing and diagnosis

Think you or your child might have asthma? Here's what's involved in making a diagnosis.

Atrial fibrillation and managing stress

Stress, anxiety and depression all can factor into atrial fibrillation. Find out when to practice self-care — and when to ask for help.

Atypical antidepressants

Bupropion, mirtazapine, nefazodone, trazodone, vilazodone, vortioxetine and esketamine are unique atypical antidepressants, each working in different ways.

Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?

These potentially lifesaving machines are available without a prescription. Should you get one?

Baby bath basics: A parent's guide

Learn how to give your baby a bath, from testing water temperature to holding your newborn securely.

Baby naps: Daytime sleep tips

Know when and how long babies need to nap, how to put them down for naps and how to handle fussiness.

Baby's head shape: Cause for concern?

Concerned about your baby's head shape? Understand what you can do to care for flat spots.

Back pain at work: Preventing pain and injury

Learn what you can do to avoid and prevent back pain at work.

Back pain during pregnancy: 7 tips for relief

Ease back pain during pregnancy with these simple tips.

Back surgery: When is it a good idea?

Back pain rarely requires surgery. Research your options before going under the knife.

Bad food habits at work? Get back on track in 5 steps

Learn what research says about how changing your work environment and habits can help set you on a path to better health.

Beans and other legumes: Cooking tips

Get the scoop on beans and other legumes. Learn how to pick and prepare them, and how to add them to meals and snacks.

Bed rest during pregnancy: Get the facts

What's the difference between bed rest and pelvic rest during pregnancy? Are there benefits? Understand the recommendations and how to cope.

Being assertive: Reduce stress, communicate better

Learn the importance of assertiveness and how to be more assertive.

Belching, gas and bloating: Tips for reducing them

Find out how you can lessen uncomfortable belching, gas and bloating.

Belly fat in men: Why weight loss matters

Belly fat in men is dangerous. Understand why and how to get rid of it.

Belly fat in women: Taking — and keeping — it off

Belly fat is more common after menopause. Here's why — and how to keep it off.

Beta blockers

Find out how beta blockers lower blood pressure and when your doctor might recommend one of these drugs.

Biopsy: Types of biopsy procedures used to diagnose cancer

Learn about the different ways of collecting suspicious cells to test in the lab to diagnose cancer.

Birth control options: Things to consider

Birth control options — Consider these questions before choosing a method of birth control.

Birth control pill FAQ: Benefits, risks and choices

The birth control pill is surrounded by misinformation. Get the facts on common concerns and questions about taking the pill.

Bladder control problems in women: Seek treatment

Bladder control problems can be managed or overcome. The first step is to seek treatment.

Bladder control: Lifestyle strategies ease problems

Bladder control problems may respond to bladder training and avoidance of bladder irritants.

Bladder control: Medications for urinary problems

If you've tried lifestyle changes and you still have bladder control problems, medication might help.

Blood glucose meter: How to choose

Read tips on finding a blood glucose meter that fits your needs and lifestyle.

Blood pressure chart: What your reading means

Monitoring your blood pressure helps you avoid health problems. Learn more about what your numbers mean.

Blood sugar testing: Why, when and how

Blood sugar testing is an important part of diabetes care. Understand the basics.

Blood tests for heart disease

Learn how certain blood tests can offer clues to your heart health.

Boiling down the dietary guidelines

The 2020-2025 Dietary Guidelines for Americans boil down to a handful of key recommendations.

Bone and joint problems associated with diabetes

If you have diabetes, you're at increased risk of various bone and joint disorders.

Bone health: Tips to keep your bones healthy

Find out what you can do to promote and protect bone health.

Boot camp workout: Is it right for you?

Looking for a fitness challenge? If so, a boot camp workout might be for you.

Breast cancer chemoprevention: Drugs that reduce risk

Learn about the drugs that can help prevent breast cancer in people at high risk.

Breast cancer prevention: How to reduce your risk

Find out what measures might reduce your risk of breast cancer.

Breast cancer staging

Breast cancer staging helps your doctor select the most appropriate treatments.

Breast cancer types: What your type means

Doctors use specialized tests to analyze your cancer cells and gather information to determine your breast cancer type.

Breast implants: Saline vs. silicone

Trying to decide between saline and silicone breast implants? Here are some answers to common questions.

Breast lump or breast changes: Early evaluation is essential

Find out how a breast lump or breast change is evaluated for breast cancer.

Breast milk storage: Do's and don'ts

Learn how to safely store expressed breast milk, what containers to use and how long breast milk will keep.

Breast-feeding support: How a partner can help

Find out how you can support your breast-feeding partner.

Breastfeeding and medications: What's safe?

Understand which medications are safe to take while breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding nutrition: Tips for moms

Understand breastfeeding nutrition do's and don'ts.

Burn safety: Protect your child from burns

Follow these tips to protect your child from burns.

C-section recovery: What to expect

Understand how to manage the discomfort of C-section recovery while caring for your newborn.

COVID-19 and your mental health

Anxiety about COVID-19 can be overwhelming. You may worry about getting the virus, the length of the pandemic and the future. Learn how to cope.

COVID-19 in babies and children

Know the symptoms of COVID-19 in children, what to do if your child appears sick and how to keep your family healthy.

COVID-19 travel advice

Traveling during COVID-19? Follow these tips for safely flying, driving and staying at hotels.

COVID-19 vaccines for kids: What you need to know

Learn about the safety and effectiveness of COVID-19 vaccines for kids, the possible side effects, and the benefits of vaccination.

COVID-19 vaccines: Get the facts

Find out about the COVID-19 vaccines, the benefits of COVID-19 vaccination and the possible side effects.

COVID-19 vs. flu: Similarities and differences

Find out the similarities and differences between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and flu (influenza), and read ways to prevent getting these diseases.

COVID-19, cold, allergies and the flu: What are the differences?

Knowing if you have COVID-19, a cold, the flu or seasonal allergies isn't easy. Find out about the differences between these illnesses.

COVID-19: Long-term effects

Learn about the possible long-term effects of COVID-19.

COVID-19: Who's at higher risk of serious symptoms?

Other health conditions can increase your risk of developing dangerous symptoms if you get coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems

Making small adjustments to your CPAP can help you use it more comfortably.

CRE bacteria: What you should know

CRE bacteria are a family of germs that are resistant to most — and in some cases, all — types of antibiotics.

Caffeine content for coffee, tea, soda and more

Find out just how much caffeine is in coffee, tea, soda and energy drinks. You may be surprised at how much caffeine you're consuming.

Caffeine: How much is too much?

Is your caffeine habit causing problems? Find out how much is too much and if you need to curb your consumption.

Calcium and calcium supplements: Achieving the right balance

Considering calcium supplements? First figure out how much calcium you need. Then weigh the pros and cons of supplements.

Calcium channel blockers

Learn how these blood pressure medications open your arteries, help relieve chest pain and treat an irregular heartbeat.

Cancer blood tests: Lab tests used in cancer diagnosis

Blood tests used to help diagnose cancer include CBC and tumor marker tests. Other tests and procedures are needed to confirm a cancer diagnosis.

Cancer causes: Popular myths about the causes of cancer

Get the facts and find out why these popular myths about cancer causes are wrong.

Cancer diagnosis: 11 tips for coping

To face any difficult time in your life, you need effective coping strategies. These tips may help you deal with your cancer diagnosis.

Cancer fatigue: Why it occurs and how to cope

Cancer fatigue that occurs during cancer treatment is common. You can take steps to lessen your cancer fatigue.

Cancer pain: Relief is possible

Learn what causes cancer pain and how you can work with your doctor to ensure your cancer pain is controlled.

Cancer prevention: 7 tips to reduce your risk

Real-life strategies to reduce your risk of cancer.

Cancer risk: What the numbers mean

The news is full of reports about cancer risk, but what does it all mean for you? Find out how to interpret cancer statistics.

Cancer surgery: Physically removing cancer

Surgery is a common treatment for many types of cancers. Learn how health care providers use surgery to prevent, diagnose and treat cancer.

Cancer survival rate: What it means for your prognosis

No one can predict the future, but cancer survival rates can give you an idea of your prognosis. Should you pay attention to them?

Cancer survivors: Care for your body after treatment

Cancer survivors can improve their health after cancer treatment with simple changes.

Cancer survivors: Late effects of cancer treatment

Find out what side effects to watch for after cancer treatment so you can prepare yourself for any challenges ahead.

Cancer survivors: Managing your emotions after cancer treatment

Feeling mixed emotions now that your cancer treatment is over? Use these strategies to help heal your mind and adjust to life as a cancer survivor.

Cancer survivors: Reconnecting with loved ones after treatment

Having trouble navigating relationships now that your cancer treatment is over? Here's how to tackle common issues with friends and family.

Cancer treatment decisions: 5 steps to help you decide

Get involved in your cancer treatment by partnering with your doctor to evaluate options.

Cancer treatment myths: Any truth to these common beliefs?

Can a positive attitude cure cancer? Find out the truth behind this and other common cancer treatment myths.

Car seat safety: Avoid 9 common mistakes

Consider common car seat mistakes and what you need to do to keep your kids safe on the road.

Carbohydrate-loading diet

Read about the potential benefits of eating extra carbohydrates before endurance exercise. Diet details and a sample meal plan are included.

Carbohydrates: How carbs fit into a healthy diet

See why carbohydrates are important for your health and learn which ones to choose.

Caregiver stress: Tips for taking care of yourself

Fight caregiver stress and prevent burnout by taking time to take care of yourself.

Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation

Learn what to expect when caring for someone with atrial fibrillation and get tips to prevent caregiver burnout, too.

Cast care: Do's and don'ts

Find out more about tips for keeping a cast safe — and your child comfortable — while an injury heals.

Central-acting agents

Learn how these blood pressure drugs work, what else they treat and the possible side effects.

Change an unhealthy habit? Yes, you can! Here's how

Hooked on salty snacks? Too much TV bingeing? Follow these insider tips from a Mayo Clinic wellness coach to break the cycle and build healthy new habits.

Change your mind to grow

Facing challenges or criticism with a growth mindset will help you overcome those pesky negative thoughts, increase your resiliency and bounce back more quickly from setbacks.

Chart of high-fiber foods

Getting enough fiber? Find out the dietary fiber content of common foods.

Chemotherapy and hair loss: What to expect during treatment

Get an idea of what to expect during chemotherapy so you can plan ahead for head coverings or treatments to reduce hair loss, such as cooling caps.

Chemotherapy nausea and vomiting: Prevention is best defense

Work with your doctor to understand whether your chemotherapy is likely to cause nausea and vomiting. Treatments can prevent these side effects.

Child development: Know what's ahead

Understand child development milestones to expect from ages 2 to 5.

Child sleep: Put preschool bedtime problems to rest

Child sleep problems? Be gentle but firm. Consistency is often the key to better sleep.

Childhood vaccines: Tough questions, straight answers

When it comes to childhood vaccines, misinformation is common. Get the facts about vaccine safety from health experts.

Children and gender identity: Supporting your child

Here's help talking to children about gender identity, supporting their gender expression and advocating for them.

Children's nutrition: 10 tips for picky eaters

Consider these strategies to avoid mealtime battles with a picky eater.

Cholesterol medications: Consider the options

Cholesterol medications might help lower your cholesterol levels. Here are some options.

Cholesterol-lowering supplements may be helpful

Diet and exercise are proven ways to reduce cholesterol. Cholesterol-lowering supplements might help, too.

Cholesterol: Top foods to improve your numbers

The foods you eat can help improve your cholesterol. Here are some top choices.

Choosing a birth control pill

Wondering which birth control pill is best for you? Weigh the risks and benefits of the different types of birth control pills.

Choosing blood pressure medications

Get to know your options when it comes to treating your high blood pressure.

Chronic pain: Medication decisions

What works for one person's pain may not help yours — and every pill poses risks. Find out how to sort through your options for maximum relief and minimum risk.

Chronic stress puts your health at risk

Your body's stress reaction was meant to protect you. But when it's constantly on alert, your health can pay the price.

Clear liquid diet

Need to be on a clear liquid diet? Learn which foods are allowed and which foods to avoid.

Coconut oil for weight loss: Does it work?

Coconut oil is touted as a weight-loss aid. However, the science isn't clear, and simply adding coconut oil to your diet isn't likely to help you lose weight.

Coenzyme Q10

Learn how coenzyme Q10 might help treat certain heart conditions and prevent migraine headaches.

Cold medicines for kids: What's the risk?

Cold medicines aren't recommended for young children. Here's why.

Cold remedies: What works, what doesn't, what can't hurt

Cold remedies: Some work, some don't. Learn how to tell the difference.

Colon cancer screening: Weighing the options

Find out more about the pros and cons of specific tests used for colon cancer screening, including colonoscopy, stool DNA test and virtual colonoscopy.

Contact lenses: What to know before you buy

Contact lenses are versatile — and you have various options. Here's help making the right choice.

Coping with stress: Workplace tips

Coping with stress at work is easier when you identify your triggers and address them head on.

Core exercises: Why you should strengthen your core muscles

Core exercises strengthen your abs and other core muscles for better balance and stability.

Cosmetic surgery: What to know beforehand

Considering a cosmetic procedure? Before you make a decision, understand the benefits, risks and limitations of this appearance-enhancing surgery.

Counting calories: Get back to weight-loss basics

Calories count — Try these calorie-cutting basics to get a handle on your weight.

Creatine

Find out how creatine might affect your athletic performance and how the supplement interacts with other drugs.

Crying baby: What to do when your newborn cries

It's tough to listen to a crying baby. Follow these tips for coping with the tears.

Crying baby? How to keep your cool

Crying baby? Here's help coping when the tears won't stop.

Cuts of beef: A guide to the leanest selections

Whether you're watching your health or your weight, you can still enjoy beef on occasion. This guide points you to the leanest options.

DASH diet: Guide to recommended servings

Use this chart of DASH diet recommended servings by food group to plan healthy meals and snacks.

DASH diet: Healthy eating to lower your blood pressure

The DASH diet can help you control your blood pressure and reap important health benefits. It's easy to get started.

DASH diet: Tips for dining out

You can eat out and follow the DASH diet. Use these tips to make healthier choices when you dine out.

DASH diet: Tips for shopping and cooking

The DASH diet doesn't have to be boring or difficult. Follow these tips to make the DASH diet more accessible and enjoyable.

DHEA

Understand what DHEA is and the possible side effects associated with this supplement.

DHEA: Evidence for anti-aging claims is weak

Find out what DHEA can and can't do.

Daily aspirin therapy: Understand the benefits and risks

Daily aspirin therapy can be lifesaving or life-threatening. Know if taking a daily low-dose aspirin is right for you.

Debunking COVID-19 myths

Don't fall for these popular myths about preventing or treating COVID-19.

Dehydration and youth sports: Curb the risk

If it's hot or humid, children and teens playing sports are at risk of heat-related illnesses. Here's help keeping kids safe on the field.

Delaying your period with hormonal birth control

Delaying your period is possible if you use an extended or continuous method of birth control. Find out how you can have more control over your menstrual cycle.

Dense breast tissue: What it means to have dense breasts

Find out what it means if your mammogram report says you have dense breast tissue. Learn about additional breast cancer screening tests to consider.

Depression and anxiety: Exercise eases symptoms

Research on depression and anxiety shows that exercise and other physical activity can help improve mood, reduce anxiety and improve other health problems.

Depression during pregnancy: You're not alone

Depression during pregnancy often goes unrecognized. Understand the risk factors for and signs and symptoms of this condition.

Depression in women: Understanding the gender gap

Women are diagnosed with depression more often than men are. Discover what factors may contribute to that increased risk.

Depression: Supporting a family member or friend

Depression — How to help a family member or friend dealing with this serious mental health condition.

Diabetes and dental care: Guide to a healthy mouth

Diabetes can take a toll on your teeth and gums. Take prevention seriously.

Diabetes and exercise: When to monitor your blood sugar

Diabetes and exercise: Prevent problems by checking blood sugar before, during and after exercise.

Diabetes care: 10 ways to avoid complications

Diabetes care is a lifelong responsibility. Consider 10 strategies to prevent diabetes complications.

Diabetes diet: Create your healthy-eating plan

Learn more about a healthy-eating plan that can help you control your blood sugar. Learn meal-planning methods and what foods to choose. Includes sample menu.

Diabetes management: How lifestyle, daily routine affect blood sugar

Diabetes management requires awareness. Know what makes your blood sugar level rise and fall.

Diabetes nutrition: Eating out when you have diabetes

Diabetes nutrition — Make restaurant meals a healthy part of your diabetes management.

Diabetes nutrition: Including sweets in your meal plan

Diabetes nutrition focuses on healthy foods, but sweets aren't necessarily off-limits.

Diabetes prevention: 5 tips for taking control

Diabetes prevention is in your hands. Start by changing your lifestyle.

Diabetes symptoms: When diabetes symptoms are a concern

Diabetes symptoms can be subtle. Pay attention to the clues your body's giving you.

Diabetes treatment: Medications for type 2 diabetes

Confused by the buffet of treatment options for type 2 diabetes? Use this guide to help decode the various medications that help control blood sugar.

Diabetes treatment: Using insulin to manage blood sugar

Understanding how insulin affects your blood sugar can help you better manage your condition.

Diabetic neuropathy types: Symptoms tell the story

Several types of diabetic neuropathy exist. Depending on the type, different parts of your body may be affected and you may experience a variety of symptoms.

Diabetic neuropathy: Can dietary supplements help?

Dietary supplements — in addition to a healthy diet — could play a role in preventing or slowing the progression of this common complication of diabetes.

Diagnosing Alzheimer's: How Alzheimer's is diagnosed

Even though there isn't a cure, early diagnosis of Alzheimer's dementia is important.

Diarrhea: Cancer-related causes and how to cope

Changes in your diet may help ease cancer-related diarrhea. If those don't help, medications are available.

Dietary fat: Know which to choose

Not all fat is created equal. Find out which type of fat to choose — and which to avoid — for good health.

Dietary fiber: Essential for a healthy diet

Some of the health benefits of eating dietary fiber might surprise you. Find out what fiber can do for you and how to get more in your diet.

Dietary supplements for erectile dysfunction: A natural treatment for ED?

Some dietary supplements for erectile dysfunction might work and some might be dangerous. Get the facts.

Dietary supplements for weight loss

Do dietary supplements deliver on weight-loss claims? Are they safe? Get the facts.

Different types of COVID-19 vaccines: How they work

Find out how different COVID-19 vaccines cause your body to create antibodies that will fight the COVID-19 virus.

Diuretics

Find out how diuretics, also called water pills, lower blood pressure, and learn about their possible side effects.

Diverticulitis diet

A diverticulitis diet may be part of a treatment plan for acute diverticulitis.

Domestic violence

Domestic violence against men is real. Find out how to break the cycle.

Domestic violence against women: Recognize patterns, seek help

Domestic violence can happen to anyone. Understand how to break the cycle of abuse.

Don't get tricked by these 3 heart-health myths

The food you eat can play a major role in your risk of heart disease. Here's what you need to know to avoid popular misconceptions.

Drug-eluting stents: Do they increase heart attack risk?

Stents coated with a slow-release drug are safe when used with proper medications. Find out more.

Easy bruising: Why does it happen?

Get the facts about easy bruising. Learn about causes and find out when it's a sign of a problem.

Eating and exercise: 5 tips to maximize your workouts

Find out how your meals and snacks can affect your workouts.

Eating disorder treatment: Know your options

Treatment depends on your eating disorder and symptoms, but it's typically a combination of psychotherapy, nutrition education and, if needed, medications.

Eating during cancer treatment: Tips to make food tastier

Cancer treatment may alter your sense of taste. Learn what you can do.

Epilepsy and pregnancy: What you need to know

Concerned about how epilepsy might affect your pregnancy? Find out what kind of care you might need.

Episiotomy: When it's needed, when it's not

Planning a vaginal delivery? Find out when an incision between the vagina and anus might be needed during childbirth.

Erectile dysfunction and diabetes: Take control today

Learn strategies to prevent or treat this common and frustrating potential complication of diabetes.

Erectile dysfunction: A sign of heart disease?

Erectile dysfunction and heart disease can be linked. Take steps to avoid both.

Erectile dysfunction: Nonoral treatments

Get the facts about injections, penis pumps and surgically placed penis implants for treating erectile dysfunction.

Erectile dysfunction: Viagra and other oral medications

Get the facts on Viagra and other oral erectile dysfunction medications.

Evening primrose

Get the facts about evening primrose oil and its effectiveness in treating conditions such as atopic dermatitis.

Exercise after pregnancy: How to get started

Exercising after pregnancy can give you the energy you need to care for your baby. Follow these strategies to stay safe and motivated.

Exercise and chronic disease: Get the facts

Find out what you need to know before starting an exercise routine if you have a chronic disease.

Exercise and opioids: What to know before you work out

Opioids might help treat acute pain, but they can present risks during exercise. Learn how to avoid injury.

Exercise and stress: Get moving to manage stress

Discover the connection between exercise and stress relief — and why exercise should be part of your stress management plan.

Exercise for weight loss: Calories burned in 1 hour

Trying to lose weight or at least not gain more? Find out how many calories are burned by an hour walking, swimming or using the elliptical.

Exercise helps ease arthritis pain and stiffness

Arthritis — Exercise helps reduce pain in people with arthritis, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Exercise intensity: How to measure it

To get the most out of exercising, aim for moderate to vigorous exercise intensity. See how to judge your exercise intensity.

Exercise: 7 benefits of regular physical activity

Improve your heart health, mood, stamina and more with regular physical activity.

Exercise: A drug-free approach to lowering high blood pressure

Exercise is a drug-free approach to lowering blood pressure. Here are tips on getting started.

Exercise: When to check with your doctor first

Regular exercise is important. But know when to check with your doctor first.

Exercising with osteoporosis: Stay active the safe way

Osteoporosis weakens your bones, but you can still exercise — in fact, you should.

Fall prevention: Simple tips to prevent falls

Stay safe and maintain your independence with these simple fall prevention measures.

Family planning: Get the facts about pregnancy spacing

Consider the risks of timing pregnancies too close together or too far apart.

Fast food: Tips for choosing healthier options

Get tips on how fast food can fit into your healthy diet.

Feeding your newborn: Tips for new parents

Learn what you need to know about feeding your newborn.

Female fertility: Why lifestyle choices count

Understand what you can do to protect and promote your ability to get pregnant.

Fertility preservation: Understand your options before cancer treatment

Know what you can do to preserve your fertility before cancer treatment.

Fetal development: The 1st trimester

Fetal development begins before you even know you're pregnant. Here's what happens early on.

Fetal development: The 2nd trimester

Fetal development progresses rapidly in the second trimester. Check out the weekly changes.

Fetal development: The 3rd trimester

Fetal development continues as your due date approaches. The countdown is on!

Fever treatment: Quick guide to treating a fever

Should you treat a fever or let it run its course? Here's help making the call.

Fibromyalgia: Understand how it's diagnosed

Fibromyalgia symptoms? Work with your doctor to ensure a timely fibromyalgia diagnosis.

Fight coronavirus (COVID-19) transmission at home

Fight coronavirus at home by cleaning and disinfecting high-touch surfaces. Most common household disinfectants will kill the virus that causes COVID-19.

Fingernails: Do's and don'ts for healthy nails

Find out the signs of a problem with your fingernails, plus tips for taking care of them.

Fish oil

Understand how fish oil might improve heart health and the possible risks of taking too much fish oil.

Fitness for less: Low-cost ways to shape up

Want to improve your fitness but can't afford to join a gym? Consider these low-cost alternatives.

Fitness program: 5 steps to get started

Starting a fitness program is easier than you might think. Follow these five steps.

Fitness tips for menopause: Why fitness counts

Follow these fitness tips to promote good health during and after menopause.

Fitness training: Elements of a well-rounded routine

Is your fitness training program complete? Here's help covering the bases.

Fitness: Create a program that's right for you

Ready to commit to fitness? For the best results, choose a program based on your abilities, goals and preferences.

Fitness: Tips for staying motivated

Fitness is for life. Motivate yourself with these practical tips.

Flaxseed and flaxseed oil

Find out how flaxseed might affect cholesterol levels and possible interactions.

Flu shot: Your best bet for avoiding influenza

Get answers to your flu vaccine questions, including whether the vaccines are effective, what forms are available and what side effects you can expect.

Flu shots: Especially important if you have heart disease

Flu shots are recommended for anyone with heart disease. Find out why.

Folate (folic acid)

Understand when a folate deficiency might occur and the importance of folic acid during pregnancy.

Forgiveness: Letting go of grudges and bitterness

Forgiveness and letting go can lead you down the path of healing and peace.

Friendships: Enrich your life and improve your health

Friendships can have a major impact on your health and well-being. Follow these tips to make and sustain lasting friendships.

Gastric bypass diet: What to eat after the surgery

Wondering what your diet will be like after your surgery? Learn which foods will help you heal and lose weight safely.

Genetic testing for breast cancer: Psychological and social impact

Prepare for your hereditary cancer gene test by learning how genetic testing for breast cancer may affect you and your family members.

Germs: Understand and protect against bacteria, viruses and infections

Learn about germs and how to protect yourself from bacteria, viruses and infections.

Get ready for possible side effects of chemotherapy

Find out how to work with your doctor to prepare for possible side effects of chemotherapy.

Get the most out of home blood pressure monitoring

Discover how to monitor blood pressure at home to reach target numbers.

Get to know the new Nutrition Facts label

The recently revamped label makes it easier than ever to make healthy food choices. Get the facts from a Mayo Clinic dietitian.

Get walking with this 12-week walking schedule

Do you want the health benefits of aerobic exercise but need help getting started? Try this easy 12-week walking plan.

Getting in shape after having a baby

A baby can be a great motivator to finally set healthy habits that stick — beginning with exercise. Mayo Clinic experts weigh in.

Getting past a weight-loss plateau

Hit a weight-loss plateau? Don't despair. Restart your weight loss with these tips.

Ginkgo

Find out what role ginkgo plays in supporting brain function and treating other conditions.

Glucosamine

Learn about the different forms of glucosamine and how glucosamine sulfate is used to treat osteoarthritis.

Gluten-free diet

Learn about foods that are acceptable in a gluten-free diet and tips for selecting healthy, nutritional options.

Glycemic index diet: What's behind the claims

Find out about the glycemic index diet — an eating plan based on how food affects blood sugar levels.

Golf injuries: Play it safe with these tips

Golf injuries are avoidable. Follow these tips to stay in the game and stay safe on the course.

Gout diet: What's allowed, what's not

A gout diet isn't a treatment for gout, but it may help you manage your attacks.

Grief: Coping with reminders after a loss

After a loved one dies, reminders can reignite grief. Here's help continuing to heal.

Guide to types of weight-loss surgery

Considering weight-loss surgery? Find out about the most common methods and see how they work.

Gynecological care for trans men

Understand the gynecological care and tests transgender men might need to maintain good health.

HDL cholesterol: How to boost your 'good' cholesterol

Generally, people who have naturally higher levels of HDL cholesterol are at lower risk of heart attack and stroke.

HPV vaccine: Who needs it, how it works

Learn about how the HPV vaccine works, who needs it and what side effects to expect.

Hand-washing: Do's and don'ts

Done properly, hand-washing is a simple way to prevent the spread of germs and avoid getting sick.

Headaches and hormones: What's the connection?

Headaches are a fact of life for many women. Here's why.

Headaches: Reduce stress to prevent the pain

Headaches seem worse when you're under stress — and stress by itself can trigger headaches.

Headaches: Treatment depends on your diagnosis and symptoms

To combat your headaches, first determine what type of headaches you have.

Health concerns for transgender people

If you're a transgender person, you might have special health concerns. Here's help taking care of yourself.

Health issues for gay men and men who have sex with men

Understand primary health concerns for gay men and men who have sex with men — and how to promote good health.

Health issues for lesbians and women who have sex with women

Understand primary health concerns for lesbians and women who have sex with women — and how to promote good health.

Healthy body image: Tips for guiding teens

A healthy body image is an important part of a teen's self-esteem. Help your child feel good about his or her body.

Healthy cooking for singles and couples

Don't give up on healthy cooking just because you're cooking for one. Get inspired with these tips.

Healthy sperm: Improving your fertility

You can take simple steps to have healthy sperm and improve your fertility.

Hearing aids: How to choose the right one

Find out how to choose the right hearing aid.

Heart attack symptoms: Know what's a medical emergency

Watch for these heart attack symptoms.

Heart conditions and pregnancy: Know the risks

Concerned about being pregnant because you have a heart condition? Find out how to promote a healthy pregnancy.

Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors

Heart disease and heart attack symptoms may be different in woman than in men. Know the warning signs and learn ways to protect your heart.

Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease

Certain foods can raise your heart disease risk. Learn eight ways to get started on a heart-healthy diet.

Heartburn or heart attack: When to worry

Chest pain? Learn the potentially lifesaving difference between heartburn and a heart attack.

Helping baby sleep through the night

Help your baby sleep through the night, starting now.

Helping children cope: Tips for talking about tragedy

Helping children cope with tragedy isn't easy. Consider practical ways to support your child.

Herbal supplements and heart medicines may not mix

Some herbal supplements can have dangerous interactions with heart medications.

Herbal supplements: What to know before you buy

Herbal supplements aren't right for everyone. Get the facts before you buy.

Herd immunity and COVID-19: What you need to know

Get the facts about coronavirus and herd immunity.

High blood pressure and pregnancy: Know the facts

Concerned about high blood pressure during pregnancy? Find out what you can do to reduce your risk of complications.

High blood pressure and sex: Overcome the challenges

High blood pressure can impact your sex life. Talk openly with your doctor about the potential setbacks and solutions.

High blood pressure dangers: Hypertension's effects on your body

High blood pressure can cause other health complications. Find out more about these complications.

High-risk pregnancy: Know what to expect

Find out how a high-risk pregnancy might be monitored and what you can do to ease anxiety.

Home birth: Know the pros and cons

Understand the possible risks and how to plan and prepare for a home birth.

Home pregnancy tests: Can you trust the results?

Wondering if you're pregnant? Know the pros and cons of home pregnancy testing.

Home safety tips: Preparing for Alzheimer's caregiving

Understand the home safety tips that can help prevent harm to a loved one with Alzheimer's disease.

Honey

Explore how honey is used orally to treat coughs and topically to treat wounds.

Hormone therapy: Is it right for you?

Hormone therapy helps treat bothersome menopausal symptoms, but it's not for everyone. See if hormone therapy might work for you.

Hospice care: Comforting the terminally ill

Learn how to provide comfort and support for people who are terminally ill.

How a sleep diary can transform how you feel

Feeling run-down? Grab a pen and paper and start tracking what might be getting in the way of your good night's rest. And get back to your more-resilient self.

How fit are you? See how you measure up

Determine your fitness level with this simple fitness assessment.

How opioid addiction occurs

Opioids act on your brain in powerful and potentially dangerous ways. Find out why no one is safe from addiction, and what factors increase your risk.

How plant-based food helps fight cancer

Got salad? A Mayo expert weighs in on the benefits of plant-based eating for cancer prevention.

How to be happy: Tips for cultivating contentment

Can you learn how to be happy? You bet. Discover greater contentment with these tips.

How to get pregnant

Looking for tips on how to get pregnant? Here's help understanding how to maximize your fertility and when to talk to a doctor.

How to measure your respiratory rate

Learn how to accurately measure your breathing rate, which is also known as your respiratory rate.

How to take your pulse

Learn two ways to take an accurate pulse, or heart rate.

How to take your temperature

Learn how to get an accurate temperature reading at home, using common types of thermometers.

How to tell if a loved one is abusing opioids

Anyone using opioids is at risk of abusing these medications. Don't ignore signs of harmful or illegal use. Taking action could save a loved one's life.

How to use food to help your body fight inflammation

You are what you eat, right? But what does that mean? Learn how your food affects inflammation in your body, and what that means for your health.

How well do face masks protect against COVID-19?

Face masks can help slow the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Learn about mask types, which masks to use and how to use them.

Human growth hormone (HGH): Does it slow aging?

Is human growth hormone treatment an anti-aging breakthrough or a scam? Know the facts.

Humidifiers: Ease skin, breathing symptoms

Find out about different types of humidifiers, what they can do for you and how to keep them clean.

Inducing labor: When to wait, when to induce

Find out who can benefit from stimulating the uterus to contract to start labor and why.

Infant development: Birth to 3 months

Infant development — Expect your baby to change dramatically in the first few months.

Infant development: Milestones from 10 to 12 months

Budding curiosity drives infant development between ages 10 and 12 months.

Infant development: Milestones from 4 to 6 months

Infant development milestones for most 4- to 6-month-olds include increased alertness and evolving motor skills.

Infant development: Milestones from 7 to 9 months

Infant development milestones for most 7- to 9-month-olds include improved motor and language skills.

Infant formula: 7 steps to prepare it safely

Properly preparing and storing infant formula is essential for your baby's nutrition.

Infant formula: Your questions answered

Wonder which type of infant formula is best? Here's help making the choice.

Infidelity: Mending your marriage after an affair

Infidelity doesn't necessarily mean a marriage is over. Consider steps to promote healing and rebuild your relationship.

Insomnia treatment: Cognitive behavioral therapy instead of sleeping pills

Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia: Get to the root of your sleep problems.

Insulin and weight gain: Keep the pounds off

Understand why weight gain is linked to insulin treatment, and find out how to dodge those extra pounds while still managing your blood sugar.

Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction

Join forces with others to break the cycle of self-destructive behavior if your loved one has an addiction to alcohol, drugs, food or gambling.

Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy: Prevention tips

Are you getting enough iron? Know how to spot the symptoms of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy and how to prevent it.

Iron deficiency in children: Prevention tips for parents

Learn how much iron your child needs for healthy development, which kids have a greater risk of iron deficiency and how to spot a problem.

Is the keto diet for you? A Mayo expert weighs in

The ketogenic diet is all about eating the right foods in the right proportions. When you get it right, it'll trigger your body to start burning stored fat.

Job burnout: How to spot it and take action

Job burnout can affect your physical and mental health. Understand the signs and know when to take action.

Job satisfaction: How to make work more rewarding

Consider real-life strategies to help restore meaning to your work.

Kegel exercises for men: Understand the benefits

Men benefit from Kegel exercises too. Follow these tips to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.

Kegel exercises: A how-to guide for women

Find out how to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles.

Kratom and pregnancy: Not a safe mix

Kratom is promoted as a safe supplement, but when taken during pregnancy it has been linked to withdrawal in newborns.

Kratom for opioid withdrawal: Does it work?

Kratom is promoted as an aid in overcoming withdrawal from opioid medications, but research suggests that it leads to more health problems than it solves.

Kratom: Unsafe and ineffective

Users revere kratom for mood enhancement and fatigue reduction, but safety issues and questions about effectiveness abound. Learn more before trying it.

L-arginine

Understand how L-arginine affects blood vessels and when to avoid using this supplement.

LASIK surgery: Is it right for you?

Find out whether you're a good candidate for vision correction through LASIK surgery.

Labor and delivery: Pain medications

Understand the pros and cons of various labor and delivery pain medications.

Language development: Speech milestones for babies

Get the facts about baby speech and language development.

Leaking while running? Pro tips to run without worry

Coughing, sneezing and exercise all get blamed for unwanted bladder leaks. But stress incontinence isn't something you have to live with. An expert explains.

Learning disorders: Know the signs, how to help

Learning disorders are common. Get the facts about how to help your child.

Living wills and advance directives for medical decisions

Living wills and other advance directives describe your treatment preferences in end-of-life situations when you can't speak for yourself.

Low blood cell counts: Side effects of cancer treatment

Find out why your doctor tests your blood during cancer treatment and what signs and symptoms may signal a low blood cell count.

Low-carb diet: Can it help you lose weight?

Understand low-carb diets, from what's off-limits to potential health benefits.

Low-fiber diet do's and don'ts

Learn which foods are allowed and which foods to avoid on a low-fiber diet.

MRSA: Protecting student athletes

Why does MRSA affect otherwise healthy student athletes? Get the facts and learn how to prevent MRSA infection.

Male depression: Understanding the issues

Depression in men may be masked by unhealthy coping behaviors, so it often goes undiagnosed and can have devastating consequences when untreated.

Male menopause: Myth or reality?

Male menopause is a catchy phrase, but it isn't accurate. Here's why.

Marijuana

Find out why marijuana is used and the possible risks.

Massage: Get in touch with its many benefits

Massage can be a powerful tool to help you take charge of your health and well-being. See if it's right for you.

Meatless meals: The benefits of eating less meat

Meatless meals are an easy way to eat healthfully and save money.

Medication errors: Cut your risk with these tips

Medication errors are preventable. Reduce your risk with some simple safety tips.

Medications and supplements that can raise your blood pressure

Could your medications or supplements be affecting your blood pressure? Find out.

Meditation: A simple, fast way to reduce stress

Learn quick and easy ways to meditate, no matter where you are.

Mediterranean diet for heart health

The Mediterranean diet is a heart-healthy eating plan that emphasizes healthy fats, whole grains, fruits, vegetables, beans, nuts and seeds.

Melatonin

Find out how melatonin can promote sleep and understand possible side effects of this supplement.

Memory loss: 7 tips to improve your memory

Memory loss can be stressful and upsetting. Find out how staying active and engaged can help.

Memory loss: When to seek help

Memory loss may indicate normal aging, a treatable condition or the onset of dementia.

Menopause weight gain: Stop the middle age spread

It's possible to avoid menopause weight gain. Learn about adopting a healthier diet and increasing your activity level to keep off excess pounds.

Menstrual cycle: What's normal, what's not

Is your menstrual cycle normal? Learn more about how to track your menstrual cycles and what any changes may mean.

Mental health providers: Tips on finding one

Find a mental health provider, such as a psychiatrist or psychologist, who matches your needs

Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness

Mental health: Learn how to recognize and deal with the stigma of mental illness and don't let it stand in the way of getting treatment.

Mental health: What's normal, what's not

Normal mental health vs. mental illness — Find out how mental disorders are defined and diagnosed.

Mental illness in children: Know the signs

It can be hard to tell the difference between normal behavior and signs of mental illness in children. Find out what to look for and when to take action.

Menu planning: Eat healthier and spend less

Menu planning makes healthy eating easier — and can save time and money.

Menus for heart-healthy eating: Cut the fat and salt

Use these menus to jump-start your heart-healthy diet.

Mesh in female pelvic reconstructive surgery

Find out about the risks and benefits of using surgical mesh to treat pelvic floor disorders.

Metabolism and weight loss: How you burn calories

Learn if your metabolism influences weight loss — or weight gain.

Migraines: Simple steps to head off the pain

Migraines may be less frequent and less severe with these self-care strategies.

Milk thistle

Learn about the potential benefits of milk thistle and how it is used to treat liver conditions.

Mindfulness exercises

Engaging with the world around you can lower your stress. Here's how to practice mindfulness meditation.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

These antidepressants require diet restrictions and avoiding certain medications to prevent serious side effects. They may help if other treatments fail.

Monoclonal antibody drugs for cancer: How they work

Find out how monoclonal antibodies are being used in cancer treatment.

Morgellons disease: Managing an unexplained skin condition

Learn more about this unexplained, controversial skin condition and positive steps you can take to manage the symptoms.

Mouth sores caused by cancer treatment: How to cope

Find out what you can do to prevent mouth sores before you begin cancer treatment.

Napping: Do's and don'ts for healthy adults

Napping can benefit your health. Find out how to make the most of a nap.

New parents: Getting the sleep you need

Baby keeping you up at night? Here's help for new parents in need of sleep.

Newborn care: 10 tips for stressed-out parents

Caring for a newborn can be overwhelming. Keep your stress under control.

Niacin

Know how your body uses niacin and how this supplement might help your cholesterol.

Niacin to improve cholesterol numbers

Niacin is a B vitamin that can boost levels of high-density lipoproteins (HDL), the 'good' cholesterol, and lower triglycerides. Find out more.

No appetite? How to get nutrition during cancer treatment

Tips for getting the calories and nutrients you need during cancer treatment.

Nonprescription acne treatment: Which products work best?

Find out how acne treatments you can buy at the store differ, what main ingredients to look for and how to use them for best results.

Nutrition for kids: Guidelines for a healthy diet

See the current children's nutrition recommendations for protein, carbohydrates, fiber, calcium and more.

Nutrition rules that will fuel your workout

What you eat, and when you eat it, has a huge influence on your available energy level and how well you recover from a workout.

Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health

Discover how walnuts, almonds and other nuts can improve heart health.

Office ergonomics: Your how-to guide

Use this visual ergonomics guide to make your sitting work space more comfortable.

Omega-3 in fish: How eating fish helps your heart

Learn how omega-3 fatty acids in fish can benefit heart health.

Oral health: A window to your overall health

Find out about the connection between your oral health and overall health.

Organ donation: Don't let these myths confuse you

Organ donation saves lives, but misinformation surrounds it. Get the facts about becoming an organ donor.

Organic foods: Are they safer? More nutritious?

Understand the differences between organic foods and traditionally grown foods when it comes to nutrition, safety and price.

Osteoporosis treatment: Medications can help

Find out more about your options for bone-preserving drugs, including how often you need to take them and what side effects you might expect.

Ostomy: Adapting to life after colostomy, ileostomy or urostomy

Tips for coping with your stoma after colostomy, ileostomy or urostomy surgery.

Over-the-counter laxatives for constipation: Use with caution

Looking for a laxative to relieve constipation? Learn how different over-the-counter medications work and be aware of some risks.

Overdue pregnancy: What to do when baby's overdue

Past your due date? Understand why a pregnancy might be overdue and what's next.

Overuse injury: How to prevent training injuries

Don't let an overuse injury sideline your health goals. Try these tips to keep your fitness routine on track and injury-free.

Pacifiers: Are they good for your baby?

Is it OK to offer your baby a pacifier? Know the pros and cons.

Pain medications after surgery

Pain medications and anesthesia can control pain after surgery and lead to faster healing.

Paleo diet: What is it and why is it so popular?

Is the Paleo diet, an eating plan modeled on prehistoric human diets, right for modern humans?

Pantry basics for a gluten-free holiday

Your favorite holiday dishes are back on the table, thanks to these gluten-free recipe substitutions from a Mayo Clinic chef.

Penis health: Identify and prevent problems

Understand the factors that affect penis health and how to identify problems.

Penis-enlargement products: Do they work?

Considering penis enlargement? Get the facts about male-enhancement pills, pumps, exercises and surgeries.

Performance-enhancing drugs: Know the risks

Learn about the health risks of taking drugs to boost your athletic performance.

Personal health records and patient portals

Personal health records and patient portals make it easy to access your medical information using your computer or smartphone.

Pet therapy: Animals as healers

Pet therapy isn't just fun and games. A growing field, animal-assisted therapy has proven health benefits.

Piercings: How to prevent complications

Piercings are popular, but the risks are real. Know how to prevent an infection.

Placenta: How it works, what's normal

Understand how the placenta works and the conditions that can affect the placenta during pregnancy.

Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?

Extra preparation before your trip can keep your plans — and heart — running smoothly. Get expert recommendations for your pre-travel checklist.

Positive thinking: Stop negative self-talk to reduce stress

Positive thinking — Harness the power of optimism to help with stress management.

Postpartum care: What to expect after a vaginal birth

Learn what to expect and how to manage vaginal soreness and discharge, sore breasts, mood changes, and more after a vaginal delivery.

Postpartum complications: What you need to know

Understand the importance of caring for yourself after childbirth and the signs of a possible problem.

Potty training: How to get the job done

Your guide to potty training basics, including when to start and what to do.

Prebiotics, probiotics and your health

What's the difference between a probiotic and a prebiotic? Why do you need them?

Precision medicine and pharmacogenomics

Precision medicine means using tools, such as pharmacogenomics, to tailor treatment to your genetic makeup.

Prednisone and other corticosteroids

Are you using a corticosteroid? Prednisone and other corticosteroid pills, creams and injections can cause side effects. Find out what to expect.

Pregnancy after 35: Healthy pregnancies, healthy babies

Pregnancy after 35 takes special care. Here's help giving your baby the best start.

Pregnancy after miscarriage: What you need to know

Understand when to try again and your chances of success.

Pregnancy and COVID-19: What are the risks?

Know how COVID-19 might affect pregnancy, labor and delivery, and breastfeeding. And get the facts about the safety of COVID-19 vaccines.

Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation

Being pregnant with A-fib raises the risk of blood clots. But medications used to prevent blood clots aren't always safe during pregnancy. Know how treatment might change.

Pregnancy and exercise: Baby, let's move!

Pregnancy can be a great time to get active. Here's how to stay safe, pace yourself and keep motivated.

Pregnancy and fish: What's safe to eat?

Eating fish during pregnancy can be safe and healthy. Learn about the possible benefits for your baby, what types of seafood are safe and what to avoid.

Pregnancy and obesity: Know the risks

Know how obesity can affect your pregnancy. Learn about possible complications and specialized care you might need.

Pregnancy basics: Quick guide to what's ahead

Understand the basics of what happens during each trimester of pregnancy and the steps you can take to stay healthy.

Pregnancy diet: Focus on these essential nutrients

Find out how to pack your pregnancy diet with essential nutrients, including folate, iron and vitamin D.

Pregnancy nutrition: Foods to avoid during pregnancy

Don't take chances. Know what foods to avoid during pregnancy.

Pregnancy weight gain: What's healthy?

Appropriate pregnancy weight gain is crucial for your baby's health. Know how much to gain and how to make smart choices.

Premature baby? Understand your preemie's special needs

A premature baby often needs special care. Here's what to expect — and how to cope.

Prenatal care: 1st trimester visits

Prenatal care can help ensure a healthy pregnancy. Here's an overview of first trimester visits.

Prenatal care: 2nd trimester visits

Prenatal care can help ensure a healthy pregnancy. Here's an overview of second trimester visits.

Prenatal care: 3rd trimester visits

Prenatal care continues until delivery. Here's what you need to know about your final prenatal visits.

Prenatal testing: Is it right for you?

Here's help making an informed decision about prenatal testing.

Prenatal testing: Quick guide to common tests

Curious about prenatal testing? Check out this overview of common prenatal screening tests.

Prenatal vitamins: Why they matter, how to choose

Prenatal vitamins are an important part of pregnancy nutrition. Here's why.

Prenatal yoga: What you need to know

Considering prenatal yoga? Find out about the basics and benefits of this popular workout.

Preparing your child for menstruation

Menstruation can be difficult to discuss with a child. Follow these tips for talking about periods and puberty.

Prescription sleeping pills: What's right for you?

Learn the possible benefits, risks and side effects of prescription sleeping pills. For long-term insomnia, behavior changes generally work best.

Prescription weight-loss drugs

Considering weight-loss drugs? Could one of them help you?

Preventive (prophylactic) mastectomy: Surgery to reduce breast cancer risk

Learn why preventive mastectomy is done and how it affects breast cancer risk. Includes contralateral prophylactic mastectomy.

Prostate cancer prevention: Ways to reduce your risk

Choose a healthy diet and add exercise to your daily routine in order to reduce your risk of prostate cancer. Learn more about prostate cancer prevention.

Prostate cancer screening: Should you get a PSA test?

Learn about the pros and cons of the PSA test so you're ready to talk about prostate cancer screening with your doctor.

Pubertal blockers for transgender and gender-diverse youth

Understand how pubertal blockers work to suppress puberty, including their benefits, side effects and long-term effects.

Quit-smoking products: Boost your chance of success

Many quit-smoking products are available and using one or more can greatly increase your chance of success. Check out your options.

Quitting smoking: 10 ways to resist tobacco cravings

Each time you resist a tobacco craving, you're one step closer to stopping tobacco use for good. Use these tips to fight off cravings.

Reading food labels: Tips if you have diabetes

Food labels can be an essential tool for diabetes meal planning.

Red wine and resveratrol: Good for your heart?

Find out why red wine is thought to be good for the heart and how to enjoy it in a healthy way.

Red yeast rice

Understand the potential benefits and risks of taking red yeast rice to lower your cholesterol.

Reduce your risk of falling with daily floor time

Falls are a serious risk for older adults, especially those who don't have the strength or mobility to get back up. Mayo Clinic physical therapist Jane Hein believes that practice is the best form of prevention.

Relaxation techniques: Try these steps to reduce stress

Learn how to use relaxation techniques to reduce stress and bring more calm into your life.

Resilience: Build skills to endure hardship

Are you made of tough enough stuff? Learn tips to improve your coping skills.

Rheumatoid arthritis: Does pregnancy affect symptoms?

Learn how pregnancy can affect rheumatoid arthritis symptoms.

Rheumatoid arthritis: Is exercise important?

Which types of exercises are best for people who have rheumatoid arthritis? Which should be avoided?

SAMe

Understand how SAMe works and its potential effects on depression and osteoarthritis.

STD testing: What's right for you?

Find out how your risk factors affect the types of tests you'll need for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).

Safe outdoor activities during the COVID-19 pandemic

Looking for fun outdoor activities you can enjoy safely during the COVID-19 pandemic? Here are several options to try.

Safely reheat leftovers

Health tips from Mayo Clinic, featuring simple strategies for a healthy lifestyle.

Safety tips for attending school during COVID-19

Consider prevention strategies that you and your child's school can follow to help protect your child from COVID-19.

Sample menus for the DASH diet

Interested in following the DASH diet but not sure how? Here are sample menus to get you started.

Screen time and children: How to guide your child

Managing your child's screen time takes effort. Find out how to ensure quality screen time and set limits.

Seasonal affective disorder treatment: Choosing a light box

Get tips for choosing a light box that's similar to outdoor light to help ease your mood and reduce symptoms of SAD.

Seasonal allergies: Nip them in the bud

Learn about treatments and tips to manage seasonal allergies.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

These antidepressants can ease depression symptoms. They typically cause fewer side effects than other antidepressants do. SSRIs are also used for anxiety.

Self-esteem: Take steps to feel better about yourself

Overcome negative self-talk and low self-esteem by using techniques from mental health counseling.

Senior sex: Tips for older men

Sex isn't just for the young. Get tips for staying active, creative and satisfied as you age.

Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs)

SNRIs help relieve depression. Some are also used for anxiety disorders or chronic pain, or they may work well for a combination of depression and pain.

Sex after pregnancy: Set your own timeline

Thinking about sex after pregnancy? Follow these tips to heal and regain your passion.

Sex during pregnancy: What's OK, what's not

Questions about sex during pregnancy? Here's what you need to know.

Sex education: Talking to toddlers and preschoolers about sex

Sex education can begin anytime. Start by answering your child's questions openly and honestly.

Sex education: Talking to your school-age child about sex

Dealing with discomfort is worth it, so your child learns about healthy sexuality from you. But don't think of it as a single tell-all discussion.

Sex education: Talking to your teen about sex

Sex education is a parent's job. Here's help handling the challenge.

Sexual health and aging: Keep the passion alive

It's common for sexuality to change as you age, but it doesn't have to be for the worse. Find out how to keep adapting so you can stay fulfilled.

Sexually transmitted disease (STD) symptoms

Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases aren't always obvious. Learn about some of the more common and possible symptoms.

Sharing Alzheimer's diagnosis: Tips for caregivers

Consider these tips for telling family and friends about your loved one's Alzheimer's diagnosis.

Sick baby? When to seek medical attention

Is it time to call your baby's doctor or seek emergency care? Follow these guidelines for treating a sick baby.

Signs of labor: Know what to expect

Know exactly what to expect as your due date approaches and your body prepares for delivery.

Skin care: 5 tips for healthy skin

Skin care gimmicks abound — but don't fall for the hype. Get healthy looking skin with these simple tips.

Sleep aids: Understand options sold without a prescription

Get the facts on common sleep aids sold without a prescription, including precautions and side effects.

Sleep during pregnancy: Follow these tips

Sleep during pregnancy can be uncomfortable. Find out how to get your rest.

Sleep tips: 6 steps to better sleep

Better sleep can be yours! Consider sleep tips for the weary.

Sleep-tracking devices: Dos and don'ts

Sleep trackers may help improve your sleep, but don't jump to conclusions based on your data. Get the facts from a Mayo Clinic wellness specialist.

Smokeless tobacco products

Understand the risks of using chewing tobacco, snuff, snus and other smokeless tobacco products.

Social support: Tap this tool to beat stress

Social support networks provide many health benefits — How to build, maintain these essential relationships.

Sodium: How to tame your salt habit

How much sodium is in your diet? See which foods are high in sodium and get tips on how to cut back.

Solid foods: How to get your baby started

Follow these tips for introducing your baby to solid foods.

South Beach Diet

Weighing your weight-loss options? The South Beach Diet emphasizes lower carbs, more proteins and healthy fats to lose pounds.

Spitting up in babies: What's normal, what's not

Spitting up in babies is common — and usually nothing to worry about.

St. John's wort

Understand how St. John's wort is used to treat depression and the risks of using the supplement in combination with other drugs.

Stages of labor and birth: Baby, it's time!

Find out what happens during the different stages of labor and birth.

Statin side effects: Weigh the benefits and risks

Statin side effects can be uncomfortable but are rarely dangerous.

Statins: Are these cholesterol-lowering drugs right for you?

Learn more about the risks and benefits of taking cholesterol-lowering medicines before deciding if they're right for you.

Stem cells: What they are and what they do

Get answers about where stem cells come from, why they're important for understanding and treating disease, and the ethics of using them.

Stepfamilies: How to help your child adjust

Know how to help your child adjust to life as part of a stepfamily.

Strategies to prevent heart disease

Learn strategies you can adopt now to protect your heart.

Strength training: Get stronger, leaner, healthier

Strength training can help you look good — and feel even better.

Strength training: OK for kids?

Strength training for kids? You bet — as long as technique and safety come first.

Stress and high blood pressure: What's the connection?

Discover how relaxation and exercise can improve your blood pressure numbers.

Stress management: Prevent setbacks

Use these strategies to prevent stress setbacks and remain in control.

Stress relief from laughter? It's no joke

Laughter is powerful stress-relief medicine. Discover how to fire up your sense of humor.

Stress relievers: Tips to tame stress

Stress relievers can help restore calm to your chaotic life. When stress gets out of control, try these tips for quick relief.

Stress symptoms: Effects on your body and behavior

Learn how stress symptoms can affect your health so that you can take action.

Stress, depression and the holidays: Tips for coping

Stress and depression can ruin your holidays. Here's how to keep the joy alive.

Stretching: Focus on flexibility

Learn why stretching your muscles is an important part of your exercise routine and how to do it safely.

Stroke rehabilitation: What to expect as you recover

Stroke rehabilitation is important for recovery after stroke. Learn about the physical, cognitive and other therapies used in stroke rehabilitation.

Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed

Sudden death in young people is rare, but those at risk can take precautions.

Suicide grief

Follow these tips for coping with pain and grief after a loved one's suicide.

Suicide: What to do when someone is suicidal

Suicide — Learn what to do when someone you know is considering suicide.

Supplements: Nutrition in a pill?

Before taking vitamin and mineral supplements, understand what they will and won't do for you.

Support groups: Make connections, get help

Support groups connect people facing similar challenges. Members share experiences and advice.

Surgery for stress urinary incontinence in women

Learn what's involved in surgery to treat stress urinary incontinence, including risks, benefits and other factors to consider before making a decision.

Symptoms of pregnancy: What happens first

Are you pregnant? Tender breasts, nausea and fatigue are just a few early symptoms of pregnancy. Find out about these and less obvious pregnancy signs.

Tai chi: A gentle way to fight stress

The gentle movements of tai chi reduce stress and offer other health benefits.

Tapering off opioids: When and how

Most people on opioid medications need to stop as soon as possible to prevent long-term health risks. Find out how to taper safely and manage symptoms.

Tattoos: Understand risks and precautions

Allergic reactions, skin infections and bloodborne disease are all possible tattoo complications. Know how to protect yourself.

Tea tree oil

Explore how tea tree oil is used for its antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Teen drug abuse: Help your teen avoid drugs

Want to prevent teen drug abuse? Understand how to talk to your teen about the consequences of using drugs.

Teen smoking: 10 ways to keep teens smoke-free

Teen smoking can become a lifelong problem. Help your teen resist getting hooked.

Teen smoking: How to help your teen quit

Teen smoking is a big deal. Take action against teen smoking — starting today.

Teen suicide: What parents need to know

Understand what makes teens vulnerable to suicide — and what you can do to prevent it.

Teen texting: Help your teen avoid the risks

Help your teen avoid the dangers of texting.

Teens and sex: Protecting your teen's sexual health

Find tips for counseling your teen about abstinence and contraception.

Teens and social media use: What's the impact?

Find out how to help limit the negative impact of social media use on your teen.

Teething: Tips for soothing sore gums

Know the signs and symptoms of teething, as well as safe ways to soothe sore gums.

Telehealth: Technology meets health care

From patient portals to wearable monitoring devices, telehealth gives you the tools to better manage your health. Are you taking advantage of these tools?

Temper tantrums in toddlers: How to keep the peace

Know what to do when a tantrum strikes and how to prevent repeats.

Tension-type headaches: Self-care measures for relief

Most headaches respond to medication. But healthy lifestyle choices are important, too.

Terminal illness: Supporting a terminally ill loved one

Understand how to support a loved one who is dying.

Terms of use for licensed content

This health information is provided by Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. By accessing or using this health information, you agree to be bound by all of the terms and conditions outlined here.

Testosterone therapy: Potential benefits and risks as you age

Testosterone therapy — Explore the potential benefits and risks of increasing your testosterone level.

Thalidomide: Research advances in cancer and other conditions

Learn about the history, research and side effects of thalidomide. Find out how it's used for treating multiple myeloma and other conditions.

The Mayo Clinic Diet: A weight-loss program for life

From the experts at Mayo Clinic, this diet is a lifestyle program for successful weight loss and improved health.

The truth behind the most popular diet trends of the moment

Thinking about jumping on the Whole30, ketogenic diet, anti-inflammatory diet or intermittent fasting bandwagon? Read this first.

Thermometer basics: Taking your child's temperature

Thermometer options can be confusing. Know the best way to take your child's temperature.

Thermometers: Understand the options

Thermometers come in a variety of styles. Find out the pros and cons of different types of thermometers.

Thiamin

Find out what foods are rich in thiamin and what might lead to a deficiency of this vitamin.

Thumb sucking: Help your child break the habit

Find out when and how to help your child stop thumb sucking.

Tips for building your child's resilience

Find out how to gauge your child's level of resilience and what you can do to build this quality and prepare him or her to deal with life's challenges.

Top 5 lifestyle changes to improve your cholesterol

Understand the diet and lifestyle steps you can take to improve your cholesterol.

Trans fat is double trouble for heart health

Trans fat increases 'bad' cholesterol and lowers 'good' cholesterol. Find out more about this dietary fat and how to avoid it.

Transgender facts

Know the basics about sex and gender, including common terms and definitions.

Treating COVID-19 at home: Care tips for you and others

COVID-19 can sometimes be treated at home. Understand emergency symptoms to watch for, how to protect others if you're ill, how to protect yourself while caring for a sick loved one and other coping tips.

Treating asthma in children ages 5 to 11

Learn more about asthma in children age 5 to 11, including symptoms, possible treatments, and asthma action plans.

Treating asthma in children under 5

Learn more about asthma in children under 5 years old, including symptoms and which treatment options may work best.

Treatment-resistant depression

Standard treatments may not help much at all, or your symptoms may improve, only to keep coming back. Explore options for treatment-resistant depression.

Tricyclic antidepressants and tetracyclic antidepressants

Cyclic antidepressants tend to have more side effects than other antidepressants. But for some people, they may relieve depression when other drugs fail.

Triglycerides: Why do they matter?

Like cholesterol, triglycerides can cause health problems. Here's how to lower your triglycerides.

Twin pregnancy: What twins or multiples mean for mom

Twin pregnancy or other multiples? Here's help taking care of yourself — and your babies.

Ulcerative colitis flare-ups: 5 tips to manage them

These diet and lifestyle changes may help control ulcerative colitis symptoms and lengthen the time between flare-ups.

Umbilical cord care: Do's and don'ts for parents

Umbilical cord care can be distressing. Here's what you need to know.

VBAC: Know the pros and cons

VBAC — vaginal birth after cesarean — is possible for many women. Know what to consider before choosing this option for delivery.

Vaccines for adults: Which do you need?

Vaccines offer protection from infectious diseases. Find out how to stay on top of the vaccines recommended for adults.

Vaccines: Keep your child's shots on track

Vaccines protect children from serious and potentially fatal diseases. Know how to keep your child's vaccinations on track.

Vagina: What's typical, what's not

Vaginal health is important. Use this information to protect your vaginal health and spot potential problems.

Vasodilators

Learn how these blood pressure drugs work, what else they treat and the potential side effects.

Vegetarian diet: How to get the best nutrition

A vegetarian diet can meet your nutritional needs if you make wise choices.

Vitamin A

Explore the uses of vitamin A and risks of excess use of this supplement.

Vitamin B-12

Know the causes of a vitamin B-12 deficiency and when use of this supplement is recommended.

Vitamin B-6

Understand when a vitamin B-6 deficiency might occur and learn the risks of taking too much of this vitamin supplement.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an essential nutrient found in foods and available as an oral supplement. Learn about its potential benefits and the causes of vitamin C deficiency.

Vitamin D

Learn how vitamin D affects bone health and other health conditions, and discover the possible side effects of taking too much of this supplement.

Vitamin E

Explore how vitamin E might affect cognitive health and the possible serious risks of taking the supplement if you have certain health conditions.

Walking: Make it count with activity trackers

If walking is your main form of physical activity, see how activity trackers can help you set and achieve your fitness goals.

Walking: Trim your waistline, improve your health

Walking can be an ideal low-impact exercise. Get the most from your walking routine.

Want a healthier dinnertime? Science says change your eating space

How and where you eat matters. From your plate size to your table, these expert-approved tips will help you navigate dinnertime like a seasoned pro.

Warfarin side effects: Watch for interactions

This common treatment for blood clots may cause serious side effects. Learn more about warfarin interactions and how to take this medication safely.

Water breaking: Understand this sign of labor

Is your water breaking? Find out how to tell and what's next.

Water retention: Relieve this premenstrual symptom

Find out what's behind premenstrual water retention and what treatments might lessen discomfort.

Water: How much should you drink every day?

Know how much water to drink to stay healthy and hydrated.

Weaning: Tips for breast-feeding mothers

Understand the basics of weaning your child from the breast.

Weight loss: 6 strategies for success

Make your weight-loss goals a reality with these proven strategies.

Weight loss: Choosing a diet that's right for you

Weight loss is your goal, but which diet will help you get there? Get the skinny on evaluating diet plans.

Weight loss: Feel full on fewer calories

Want to lose weight without feeling hungry all the time? Learn what foods to choose to help you feel full on fewer calories.

Weight loss: Gain control of emotional eating

Don't let emotional eating sabotage your weight-loss efforts. Use these tips to regain control.

Weight training: Do's and don'ts of proper technique

Weight training may look easy — but for best results, proper technique is essential.

Weight training: Improve your muscular fitness

Weight training can improve your appearance and strength — in less time than you might think.

Weight-loss goals: Set yourself up for success

Well-planned weight-loss goals help you convert thoughts into action. Here's how to create successful weight-loss goals.

Weight-loss readiness

Learn how asking yourself six key questions can tell you if you're ready to start a weight-loss plan, along with steps to take if you're not there yet.

Weight-loss surgery: Is it an option for you?

Weight-loss surgery is one part of a treatment plan for weight loss. Learn about the criteria and what is expected of you.

What is aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?

AERD, also called Samter's triad, has three features: asthma, recurring nasal polyps, and sensitivity to aspirin and drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen.

When cancer returns: How to cope with cancer recurrence

Learn what cancer recurrence means, and find out what you can do to cope when cancer returns.

Whey protein

Find out what role whey protein can play in nutrition.

Whole grains: Hearty options for a healthy diet

Whole grains have been linked to a lower risk of heart disease, diabetes and other health problems. Isn't it time you added more whole grains to your diet?

Why is your teen so tired?

Too little sleep can harm your teen's health. Follow these tips to help your teen regularly get enough rest.

Winter fitness: Safety tips for exercising outdoors

Winter weather doesn't have to put your fitness routine on hold. Stay safe and warm with these cold-weather exercise tips.

Women's sexual health: Talking about your sexual needs

Women's sexual health — Tips for talking about your sexual needs and achieving fulfillment.

Working during pregnancy: Do's and don'ts

Working during pregnancy? Here's how to have a healthy, productive nine months on the job.

Wrinkle creams: Your guide to younger looking skin

Do over-the-counter products work? Learn more about whether peptides, retinols and other anti-wrinkle cream ingredients help improve your skin.

Yoga: Fight stress and find serenity

Yoga not only is an effective method to reduce stress but also is a good way to get fit and stay healthy.

Young-onset Alzheimer's: When symptoms begin before age 65

Young-onset (early-onset) Alzheimer's disease is a rare form of dementia that presents unique challenges. Learn more about causes, diagnosis and how to cope.

Zinc

Explore how use of oral zinc might help shorten the length of a cold.

10 ways to control high blood pressure without medication

You can lower your blood pressure without medication. Try these 10 lifestyle changes.

10,000 steps a day: Too low? Too high?

Work up to a goal of walking 10,000 steps each day, depending on your starting fitness level, for numerous health benefits.

1st trimester pregnancy: What to expect

The first trimester of pregnancy brings physical and emotional changes, from breast tenderness to anxiety and exhilaration.

2nd trimester pregnancy: What to expect

Second trimester pregnancy often brings welcome relief from nausea, breast tenderness and other pregnancy symptoms.

3 diet changes women over 50 should make right now

Your body changes as you age, so your diet needs to change, too. These tips from a Mayo Clinic wellness dietitian can help ensure you're getting the nutrients you need.

3rd trimester pregnancy: What to expect

Third trimester pregnancy can bring Braxton Hicks contractions, backaches and hemorrhoids as you await the start of labor.

5 ways to bring play back into your life

Learn how to bring the joys of play back into your life so that you can stay fit while having fun.

5K run: 7-week training schedule for beginners

5K run — Make it to race day in seven weeks.

6 tips for an active getaway you'll remember

Whether you're traveling for business or pleasure, you don't have to leave your workout routine behind. Try these tips for making exercise a part of the adventure.

7 signs and symptoms not to ignore

Do your symptoms merit medical attention? From weight loss to flashes of light, know when to seek care.